Seasonal dynamics of Coleoptera abundance in the second year after fires


  • Leonid V. Egorov Prisursky State Nature Reserve, Russia
  • Alexander B. Ruchin Joint Directorate of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve and National Park «Smolny», Russia
  • Mikhail N. Esin Joint Directorate of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve and National Park «Smolny», Russia



abundance, insects, forest fire, Mordovia State Nature Reserve


In forest ecosystems, fires profoundly impact the habitat and seasonal dynamics of numerous Coleoptera species. The phenology of species and communities is particularly noteworthy in burned areas that were previously forest ecosystems. In 2023, research was conducted in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve on 11 burned plots in 2021 and control plots. The research employed the use of beer traps, which are baited with a combination of beer and sugar. In the second year after the fires, species from the families Nitidulidae, Cerambycidae, Scarabaeidae, and Elateridae exhibited the highest total number across all plots, accounting for 84.8% of all Coleoptera specimens collected. A single peak in the abundance of Coleoptera was observed on all plots during the month of May. The second peak in abundance during the autumn season was relatively modest in scale and was observed exclusively on unburned 2021 plots. Nitidulidae beetles appear in traps earlier than other beetles, with their number peaking in April and May. Thereafter, their number declined in June. The number of Cerambycidae and Scarabaeidae on all plots was relatively low in April but increased significantly in May and June. The peak abundance of Elateridae was observed in June, although the first individuals were recorded in April. A precipitous decline in the abundance of the species was observed in July, with only a single specimen being recorded in August. The Elateridae were observed to be particularly prevalent in burned areas where deadwood was present. There are variations in the observed differences between individual families, which are related to the location of plots, the condition of the vegetation cover, and the presence of flowering plants, deadwood, and dry trees on the plots.


Alekseev S., Ruchin A., Semishin G. (2021). Seasonal dynamics of Carabus coriaceus Linnaeus, 1758 “Coleoptera, Carabidae” activity in the areal’s eastern part. Entomology and Applied Science Letters, 8(2): 26-31.

Allison, J., Strom, B., Sweeney, J., Mayo P. (2019). Trap deployment along linear transects perpendicular to forest edges: impact on the capture of long-horned beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Journal of Pest Science, 92: 299-308.

Andrade RBd, Barlow J, Louzada J, Vaz-de-Mello FZ, Souza M, Silveira JM, et al. (2011). Quantifying Responses of Dung Beetles to Fire Disturbance in Tropical Forests: The Importance of Trapping Method and Seasonality, PLoSONE 6(10): e26208.

Aneni T., Aisagbonhi C., Iloba B., Adaigbe V., Ogbebor C. (2014). Influence of weather factors on seasonal population dynamics of Coelaenomenodera elaeidis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and its natural enemies in NIFOR, Nigeria. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5(1): 42-47. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.51007

Atutova, Zh. V. (2023). Post-fire restoration of pine forests in the Badary area, Tunkinskiy National Park, Russia. Nature Conservation Research. 8(2), 22–32.

Bardiani, M., Tini, M., Carpaneto, G.M. et al. (2017). Effects of trap baits and height on stag beetle and flower chafer monitoring: ecological and conservation implications. Journal of Insect Conservation, 21, 157–168.

Blackmer J. L., Phelan P. L. 1995. Ecological analyses of Nitidulidae: seasonal occurrence, host choice and habitat preference. Journal of Applied Entomology, 119(1-5): 321-329.

Bouchard, P., Grebennikov, V.V., Smith, A.B.T., Douglas, H. (2009). Biodiversity of Coleoptera. In Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society, (R.G. Foottit & P.H. Adler, eds.). Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, p.265-301.

Boulanger Y., Sirois L., Hébert C., 2013, Distribution patterns of three long-horned beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) shortly after fire in boreal forest: adults colonizing stands versus progeny emerging from trees. Environmental Entomology, 42(1), 17–28,

Brunet, J., & Isacsson, G. (2010). A comparison of the saproxylic beetle fauna between lowland and upland beech forests in southern Sweden. Ecological Bulletins, 53, 131-139.

Carpaneto, G. M., Fattorini, S. (2001). Spatial and seasonal organisation of a darkling beetle (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae) community inhabiting a Mediterranean coastal dune system. Italian Journal of Zoology, 68(3), 207–214.

Colautti, R. I., Ågren, J., and Anderson, J. T. (2017). Phenological shifts of native and invasive species under climate change: insights from the Boechera–Lythrum model. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences, 372:20160032.

Dedyukhin, S. V. (2022). Fauna and biotopic distribution of weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) of the Zhiguli State Nature Reserve, Russia. Nature Conservation Research, 7(4), 55-69.

Dedyukhin, S. V. (2023). Fauna and biotopic distribution of Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) in the Zhiguli State Nature Reserve, Russia. Nature Conservation Research, 8(3), 61–74.

Damien, M., Tougeron, K. (2019). Prey–predator phenological mismatch under climate change. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 35, 60–68.

Dowd P. F., Nelsen T. C. (1994). Seasonal Variation of Sap Beetle (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) Populations in Central Illinois Cornfield – Oak Woodland Habitat and Potential Influence of Weather Patterns. Environmental Entomology, 23(5): 1215–1223,

Drago M.C., Vrcibradic D. (2023). Will future extinctions occur at the same places where the past ones did? A review involving mammals and the IUCN Red List. Nature Conservation Research, 8(3): 1–9.

Egorov L. V., Alekseev S. K., Ruchin A. B., Sazhnev A. S., Artaev O. N., Esin M. N., Lobachev E. A., Lukiyanov S. V., Semenov A. V., Lukyanova Y. A., Shulaev N. V., Litvinov K. V. (2022a). Biodiversity of Coleoptera (Insecta) in the Middle and Lower Volga Regions (Russia). Diversity, 14(12):1128.

Egorov L., Ruchin A., Esin M., Artaev O. (2022b). Biodiversity of Coleoptera (Insecta) in Mordovia State Nature Reserve (Russia) using fermental traps. Biodiversity Data Journal, 10: e96989.

Egorov L. V., Ruchin A. B., Alekseev S. K., Artaev O. N., Lobachev E. A., Lukiyanov S. V., Semishin G. B. (2024). Fauna of some families of Coleoptera (Insecta) in the Republic of Mordovia (Russia). Biodiversity Data Journal, 12: e117041.

Geraskina, A. P., Tebenkova, D. N., Ershov, D. V., Ruchinskaya, E. V., Sibirtseva, N. V., Lukina, N. V. (2021). Fires as a factor of loss of biodiversity and functions of forest ecosystems. Questions of Forest Science, 4(2), Article No82. DOI: 10.31509/2658-607x-202142-11

Gongalsky, K. B. (2017). Perfugia as a mechanism for the recovery of soil fauna after ecosystem disturbances. Russian Journal of Ecosystem Ecology, 2(4). DOI: 10.21685/2500-0578-2017-4-3

Gongalsky, K. B., Malmström, A., Zaitsev, A. S., Shakhab, S. V., Bengtsson, J., Persson, T. (2012). Do burned areas recover from inside? An experiment with soil fauna in a heterogeneous landscape. Applied Soil Ecology, 59, 73–86.

Gongalsky, K. B., Wikars, L. O., Persson, T. (2003). Dynamics of pyrophilous carabids in a burned pine forest in Central Sweden. Baltic Journal of Coleopterology, 3(2), 107-111.

Hellberg, E., Niklasson, M., Granström, A. (2004). Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 34, 332–338. doi: 10.1139/x03-175

Hodek, I., Iperti, G., Hodkova, M. (1993). Long-distance flights in Coccinellidae (Coleoptera). European Journal Entomology, 90 (4): 403-414.

Hokkanen, H., Lipa, J. (1995). Occurrence and dynamics of Nosema meligethi (Microsporida) in populations of Meligethes aeneus (Coleoptera, Nitidulidae) in Finland. Entomologica Fennica, 6(1), 11–18.

Honek A., Martinkova Z., Dixon A.F.G. 2015. Detecting seasonal variation in composition of adult Coccinellidae communities. Ecological Entomology, 40(5): 543-552.

Hossain M. S., Williams D. G. (2003). Phenology of carpophilus beetle populations (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae, Carpophilus spp.) in a fruit dump in northern Victoria. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 43, 1275–1279.

Filimonova, L. V. (2021). Vegetation dynamics in the Kostomuksha State Nature Reserve (Russia) and surroundings against changes in the natural environment during the Holocene. Nature Conservation Research, 6(Suppl.1), 98–115.

Forrest, J. R. (2016). Complex responses of insect phenology to climate change. Current Opinion in Insect Science, 17, 49–54.

Jagemann S. M., Juzwik J., Tobin P. C., Raffa K. F. (2018). Seasonal and regional distributions, degree-day models, and phoresy rates of the major sap beetle (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) vectors of the oak wilt fungus, Bretziella fagacearum, in Wisconsin, Environmental Entomology, 47(5), 1152–1164,

Johansson, T., Gibb, H., Hjältén, J., Pettersson, R. B., Hilszczański, J., Alinvi, O., Ball J. P. & Danell, K. (2007). The effects of substrate manipulations and forest management on predators of saproxylic beetles. Forest Ecology and Management, 242(2-3), 518-529.

Johnson, S. D., Horn, K. C., Savage, A. M., Windhager, S., Simmons, M. T., Rudgers, J. A. (2008). Timing of prescribed burns affects abundance and composition of arthropods in the Texas Hill Country. Southwestern Naturalist, 53, 137–145.

Jones, K. L., Shegelski, V. A., Marculis, N. G., Wijerathna, A. N., Evenden, M. L. (2019). Factors influencing dispersal by flight in bark beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae): from genes to landscapes. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 49(9), 1024-1041.

Kastridis, A., Stathis, D., Sapountzis, M., Theodosiou, G. (2022). Insect outbreak and long-term post-fire effects on soil erosion in Mediterranean Suburban Forest. Land, 11(6), 911.

Kataev A.D., Kuznetsova A.I., Kuznetsov V.A., Gornov A.V., Tebenkova D.N., Gornova M.V., Kaygordova E.Yu., Nikitina A.D. 2023. Relationships between the seasonal dynamics of soil fungi biomass and environmental factors in predominating forest types in the Bryansk woodlands (European Russia). Nature Conservation Research, 8(4): 112–125.

Keszthelyi S., Pónya Z., Pál-Fám F. (2017). Climate-induced seasonal activity and flight period of cerambycid beetles in the Zselic forests, Hungary. Journal Forest Science, 63: 503–510.

Kharitonova, A. O., Kharitonova, T. I. (2021). The effect of landscape pattern on the 2010 wildfire spread in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve, Russia. Nature Conservation Research. 6(2), 29-41.

Lazarina, M., Devalez, J., Neokosmidis, L., Sgardelis, S. P., Kallimanis, A. S., Tscheulin, T., et al. (2019). Moderate fire severity is best for the diversity of most of the pollinator guilds in Mediterranean pine forests. Ecology, 100(3), e02615.

Linzmeier, A.M. & Ribeiro-Costa, C.S. 2008. Seasonality and temporal structuration of Alticini community (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Galerucinae) in the Araucaria Forest of Parana, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 52(2):289-295.

Marinoni, R.C. & Ganho, N.G. 2003. Sazonalidade de Nyssodrysina lignaria (Bates) (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Lamiinae), no Estado do Paraná, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20(1):141-152.

Moretti, M., Duelli, P., Obrist, M. (2006). Biodiversity and resilience of arthropod communities after fire disturbance in temperate forests. Oecologia, 149, 312–327. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-006-0450-z

Niemelä J., Spence J. R., Spence D. H. (1992). Habitat associations and seasonal activity of ground-beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in Central Alberta. Canadian Entomologist, 124(3): 521-540. doi:10.4039/Ent124521-3

Palusci E., Mantoni C., Strona G., Fattorini S. 2021. Wildfire does not affect the dung beetle diversity of high-altitude Mediterranean habitats. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 30(8), 636-642.

Ranius, T. (2002). Influence of stand size and quality of tree hollows on saproxylic beetles in Sweden. Biological Conservation, 103(1), 85-91.

Reinhard, J. E., Geissler, K., Blaum, N. (2019). Short‐term responses of darkling beetles (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to the effects of fire and grazing in savannah rangeland. Insect conservation and diversity, 12(1), 39-48.

Rodríguez, W. D., Navarrete-Heredia, J. L., Klimaszewski, J., Guevara, R. (2019). The influence of environmental temperature and humidity on the elevational and temporal distributions of rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in a Quercus L. forest in Jalisco, Mexico. Coleopterists Bulletin, 73(1), 202-224.

Ruchin, A. B. (2021). Seasonal dynamics and spatial distribution of lepidopterans in selected locations in Mordovia, Russia. Biodiversitas, 22(5), 2569-2575. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220515

Ruchin A. B. (2024). The selected insect families and their seasonal dynamics in the Mordovia State nature reserve in the burned areas of 2021, Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, 8(1), 17-38.

Ruchin, A. B., Alekseev, S. K., Khapugin, A. A. (2019). Post-fire fauna of carabid beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in forests of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve (Russia). Nature Conservation Research, 4(Suppl.1), 11–20.

Ruchin, A. B., Egorov, L. V. (2022). Vertical stratification and seasonal dynamics of Coleoptera in open biotopes of forest ecosystems (Centre of European Russia). Forests, 13, 1014.

Ruchin A., Egorov L. (2023). Biology and seasonal population dynamics of the forest dung beetle Anoplotrupes stercorosus (Coleoptera: Geotrupidae) in the Center of European Russia. E3S Web of Conferences, 462: 01022.

Ruchin, A. B., Egorov, L. V., Khapugin, A. A. (2021a). Seasonal activity of Coleoptera attracted by fermental crown traps in forest ecosystems of Central Russia. Ecological Questions, 32(1), 37–53.

Ruchin, A. B., Egorov, L. V., Khapugin, A. A. (2021b). Usage of fermental traps for studying the species diversity of Coleoptera. Insects, 12, 407.

Ruchin A. B., Egorov L. V., Khapugin A. A. (2023). Usage of fermental traps for the study of the species diversity of Coleoptera in open biotopes. Insects, 14(4), 404.

Ruchin A. B., Egorov L. V., Khapugin A. A. 2023b. Edge Effects in the Distribution of Coleoptera in the Forests of the Center of the European Part of Russia. Insects, 14(4): 371.

Ruchin, A. B., Egorov, L. V., Khapugin, A. A., Vikhrev, N. E., Esin, M. N. (2020). The use of simple crown traps for the insects collection. Nature Conservation Research, 5(1), 87–108.

Ruchin, A. B., Egorov, L. V., MacGowan, I., Makarkin, V. N., Antropov, A. V., Gornostaev, N. G., Khapugin, A. A., Dvořák, L., Esin, M. N. (2021c). Post-fire insect fauna explored by crown fermental traps in forests of the European Russia. Scientific Reports, 11, 21334.

Ruchin, A. B., Egorov, L. V., Semishin, G. B. (2018). Fauna of click beetles (Coleoptera: Elateridae) in the interfluve of Rivers Moksha and Sura, Republic of Mordovia, Russia. Biodiversitas, 19, 1352–1365.

Ruchin A.B., Egorov L.V., Solodovnikov A.Yu., Antropov A.V. (2022). Abundance patterns of Quedius dilatatus Leach (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae) and Vespa crabro L. (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in Central European Russia suggest close adaptation of the inquiline rove beetle life cycle to the nest dynamics of its wasp host. Entomological Review, 102(7): 958–970.

Sawoniewicz M. (2015). Seasonal dynamics of Saproxylic beetles (Coleoptera) occurring in decaying birch (Betula spp.) wood in the Kampinos National Park. Forest Research Papers, 76 (3): 213–220.

Scranton, K., Amarasekare, P. (2017). Predicting phenological shifts in a changing climate. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 13212–13217.

Siitonen J, Stokland JN, Siitonen J, Jonsson BG. Microhabitats. In: Biodiversity in Dead Wood. Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation. Cambridge University Press, 2012:150-182.

Tiberio, F. C. S., Xavier, R. O., Dodonov, P., Silva Matos, D. M. (2022). Fire has short-term negative effects on a super-dominant native fern, Pteridium arachnoideum (Dennstaed-tiaceae), in a Brazilian savanna. Nature Conservation Research, 7(3), 15–25.

Trujillo-Arias, N., Serrano-Cardozo, V.H., Ramírez-Pinilla, M.P. (2023). Role of a Cam-Pesine reserve zone in the Magdalena Valley (Colombia) in the conservation of endangered tropical rainforests. Nature Conservation Research, 8(1): 49–63.

Tsuji Y., Matsubara M., Sawada K., Shiraishi T. (2022). Seasonal Variations in the Assembly of Dung Beetles (Coleoptera: Geotrupidae and Scarabaeidae) Attracted to Macaque Feces in Temperate Forests in Japan. Coleopterists Bulletin, 76(2), 251-262,

Vasilyev A.G., Lukyanova L.Е., Gorodilova Yu.V. (2023). Coupled variation of red-backed vole species in biotopes disturbed by windfall and fire in the Visim State Nature Reserve (the Middle Urals). Nature Conservation Research, 8(3): 24–46.

Venn, S. (2016). To fly or not to fly: Factors influencing the flight capacity of carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae). European Journal of Entomology, 113: 587–600. doi: 10.14411/eje.2016.079

Wagner, D. L., Grames, E. M., Forister, M. L., Berenbaum, M. R., Stopak, D. (2021). Insect decline in the Anthropocene: Death by a thousand cuts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(2), e2023989118.

Ward, M., Tulloch, A. I. T., Radford, J. Q., Williams, B. A., Reside, A. E., Macdonald, S. L., Mayfield, H. J., Maron, M., Possingham, H. P., Vine, S. J., O'Connor, J. L., Massingham, E. J., Greenville, A. C., Woinarski, J. C. Z., Garnett, S. T., Lintermans, M., Scheele, B. C., Carwardine, J., Nimmo, D. G., Watson, J. E. M. (2020). Impact of 2019-2020 mega-fires on Australian fauna habitat. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 4(10), 1321–1326.

Wikars, L. O. (2002). Dependence on fire in wood-living insects: an experiment with burned and unburned spruce and birch logs. Journal of Insect Conservation, 6(1), 1–12.

Wolf, A. A., Zavaleta, E. S., and Selmants, P. C. (2017). Flowering phenology shifts in response to biodiversity loss. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 3463–3468.

Zaitsev, A. S., Gongalsky, K. B., Malmström, A., Persson, T., Bengtsson, J. (2016). Why are forest fires generally neglected in soil fauna research? A mini-review. Applied Soil Ecology, 98, 261–271.

Zouaimia A., Adjami Y., Zebsa R., Youcefi A., Bensakhri Z., Bensouilah S., Amari H., Ouakid M.-L., Houhamdi M., Mahdjoub H., Khelifa R. 2022. Phenology of the regionally Critically Endangered dragonfly Urothemis edwardsii in the National Park of El Kala, Northeast of Algeria. Nature Conservation Research, 7(1): 1–9.




How to Cite

Egorov, L. V., Ruchin, A. B., & Esin, M. N. (2024). Seasonal dynamics of Coleoptera abundance in the second year after fires. Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, 8(3), 195–212.

Most read articles by the same author(s)