Mung Bean (Vigna radiata L.) genotypes assessment for drought tolerance in Uzbekistan

Authors

  • Abdulahad Azimov Institute of Genetics and Plant Experimental Biology, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Jaloliddin Shavkiev Institute of Genetics and Plant Experimental Biology, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Shakhzod Saidjanov Institute of Genetics and Plant Experimental Biology, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Zafar Ziyaev Institute of Genetics and Plant Experimental Biology, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • Lochin Valiyev Tashkent State Transport University, Uzbekistan

Keywords:

Vigna radiata L., Mung beans, cultivar, line, morphology, yield

Abstract

Globally, increasing water and energy demand is expected to reach 6.9 trillion cubic meters by 2030, exceeding 40% of the available water supplies. Climate change and rising temperatures caused water deficit due to lesser and irregular rainfalls, leading to lower production of crops. The research to assess drought tolerance of Mung Bean (Vigna radiata L.) genotypes in Uzbekistan revealed the cultivar, Ishonch as the most promising for drought environments. The research, in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) in three replications with a factorial arrangement and two irrigation regimes (non-stress and water stress at the seedling stage), was conducted at the experimental field of the Institute of Genetics and Plant Experimental Biology, District Kibray, Tashkent Region, Uzbekistan. Ten Mungbean cultivars, i.e Durdona, Barqaror, Marjon, Andijon-1, Zilola, Ishonch, Baraka, L-59, L-88 and L-92  with diverse agronomic characteristics, were selected for their potential yield during 2022 and 2023 cropping seasons under two different environments (optimal and water deficit condition). In the Uzbekistan region, yield index, yield stability index, stress intensity, stress susceptibility percentage index, stress susceptibility index, stress tolerance index, drought intensity index, tolerance index, geometric mean productivity, relative drought index, mean relative performance, harmonic mean, mean productivity and sensitivity drought indices and their cluster analysis results were determined. The mungbean  Durdona and T-59 genotypes were found to be prone to water deficit conditions. The Ishonch,  Barqaror ва L-92 genotypes were found to be a positive donor in the selection for drought.

References

Bangar, P., Chaudhury, A., Tiwari, B., Kumar, S., Kumari, R., and Bhat, K. V. (2019). Morphophysiological and biochemical response of mungbean [vigna radiata (L.) wilczek] varieties at different developmental stages under drought stress,” Turkish Journal of Biology, 43(1), 58–69.

Beebe, S.E., Rao, I.M., Blair, W., and Acosta-Gallegos, J.A. (2013). Phenotyping common beans for adaptation to drought. Frontiers in Physiology, 4, 1-20.

Bista, D.R., Heckathorn, S.A., Jayawardena, D.M., Mishra, S., Boldt, J.K. (2018). Effects of drought on nutrient uptake and the levels of nutrient-uptake proteins in roots of drought-sensitive and-tolerant grasses. Plants, 7, 28.

Bouslama, M., and Schapaugh, W.T. (1984). Evaluation of three screening techniques for heat and drought tolerance. Crop Science, 24, 933-937.

Campos H., Cooper, M., Habben, J. E., Edmeades, G. O., and. Schussler, J. R., (2004). “Improving drought tolerance in maize: a view from industry,” Field Crops Research, 90, 1, 19–34.

Da Silva, E.C., Nogueira, R., da Silva, M.A., de Albuquerque, M.B. (2011). Drought stress and plant nutrition. Plant Stress 5, 32–41.

Dadbakhsh, A., Yazdansepas, A., and Ahmadizadeh, M. (2011). Study drought stress on the yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes by drought tolerance indices. Adv Environ Bio, 5(7), 1804-1810.

Du, M., Xie, J., Gong B., et al.,(2018). “Extraction, physicochemical characteristics and functional properties of mung bean protein,” Food Hydrocolloids, 76, 131–140.

Fernandez, G.C.(1992). Effective selection criteria for assessing plant stress tolerance. In: Kuo, C.G. (ed.), Adaptation of Food Crops to Temperature and Water Stress. Shanhua: Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center. Taiwan Publication, 93(410), 257-270.

Fische,r R.A,, and Maurer, R. (1978). Drought Resistance in Spring Wheat Cultivars. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 29(4), 897-912.

Fischer, R,A., Rees, D., Sayre, K.D., Condon, A.G., Lu, Z.M., and Saavedra, A.L. (1998). Wheat yield progress associated with higher stomatal conductance and photosynthetic rate, and cooler canopies. Crop Science, 38, 1467–1475.

Fischer, R., and Maurer, R. (1987). Drought resistant in spring wheat cultivars. I: Grain yield response. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 29, 895-97.

He, Z., Zhang, T., Liu, X., and Shang, X. (2018). “Water-yield relationship responses of maize to ridge-furrow planting systems coupled with multiple irrigation levels in China’s horqin sandy land,” Agronomy, 8(10), 221.

Hossain, A.B.S., Sears, A.G., Cox, T.S., and Paulsen, G.M. (1999). Desiccation tolerance and its relationship to assimilate partitioning in winter wheat. Crop Science, 30, 622-627.

Htwe A.Z., Moh, S. M., Soe, K. M., Moe, K., and Yamakawa, T. (2019). “Effects of biofertilizer produced from bradyrhizobium and streptomyces griseoflavus on plant growth, nodulation, nitrogen fixation, nutrient uptake, and seed yield of mung bean, cowpea, and soybean,” Agronomy, 9(2), 77.

Kareem, F., H. Rihan, and Fuller, M. P.(2019). The effect of exogenous applications of salicylic acid on drought tolerance and up-regulation of the drought response regulon of Iraqi wheat,” Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology, 22(1), 37–45.

Khan, M.B., Hussain, M., Raza, A., Farooq, S., Jabran, K. (2015). Seed priming with CaCl2 and ridge planting for improved drought resistance in maize. Turk. J. Agric. For. 39, 193–203.

Levitt, J.(1980). Chilling, Freezing, and High Temperature Stresses. In Responses of Plants to Environmental Stress; Academic Press: New York, NY, USA, 2, 423–445.

Lin, C,S,, Binns, M,R,, and Lefkovitch, L,P. (1986). Stability analysis: where do we stand. Crop Science, 26, 894-900.

Makamov, A.X., Shavkiev, J., Kholmuradova, M., Boyqobilov, U., Normamatov, I (2023). Cotton genotypes appraisal for morphophysiological and yield contributing traits under optimal and deficit irrigated conditions. SABRAO J. Breed, Genet. 55(1), 74-89.

Mehandi, S., Singh, I.P., Bohra, A., Singh, C.M.(2015). Multivariate analysis in green gram [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]. Legum. Res. An Int. J. 38, 758–762.

Mohammadi, R., Armion, M., Kahrizi, D and Amri, A. (2010). The efficiency of screening techniques for evaluating durum wheat genotypes under mild drought conditions. J. Plant Production, 4(1), 11-24.

Mohammadi, R., Armion, M., Kahrizi, D., and Amri, A. (2010). The efficiency of screening techniques for evaluating durum wheat genotypes under mild drought conditions. J. Plant Production, 4(1), 11-24.

Moosavi, S.S., Yazdi, S.B., Naghavi, M.R., Zali, A.A., Dashti, H. and Pourshahbazi, A. (2008). Introduction of new indices to identify relative drought tolerance and resistance in wheat genotypes. Desert, 12, 165-178.

Nair, R. M., Yang, R.-Y., Easdown W. J. et al. (2013). “Biofortification of mungbean (vigna radiata) as a whole food to enhance human health,” Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 93, 8, 1805–1813.

Ranawake, A.L., Dahanayaka, N., Amarasingha, U.G.S., Rodrigo, W.,Rodrigo, U.T.D. (2011). Effect of water stress on growth and yield of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.). Trop. Agric. Res. Ext. 14, 76–79.

Rosielle, A.A., and Hamblin, J. (1981). Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and nonstress environment. Crop Science, 21, 943-946.

Singh, C.M., Mishra, S.B, Pandey, A., Arya, M. (2014). Morphological characterization and discriminant function analysis in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] germplasm. Electron. J. Plant Breed. 5, 87–96.

Singh, C.M., Mishra, S.B., Pandey, A., Kumari, K. (2015). Branching pattern and harvest index as important selection criteria for improvement of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]. Madras Agric. J. 102, 1–5.

Singh, C.M., Singh, A.K., Mishra, S.B., Pandey, A. (2016). Generation mean analysis to estimate the genetic parameters for yield improvement and inheritance of seed colour and lusture in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]. Legum. Res. Int. J. 39,

–501.

Shavkiev, J., Azimov, A., Nabiev, S., Khamdullaev, S., Amanov, B., Kholikova, M., Matniyazova, H., Yuldashov, U. (2021). Comparative performance and genetic attributes of upland cotton genotypes for yield-related traits under optimal and deficit irrigation conditions. SABRAO J. Breed. Genet, 53(2), 157-171.

Shavkiev, J., Nabiev, S., Azimov, A., Chorshanbiev, N., Nurmetov, KH. (2022). Pima cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) lines assessment for drought tolerance in Uzbekistan. SABRAO J. Breed. Genet, 54(3), 524-536. http://doi.org/10.54910/sabrao2022.54.3.6.

Shavkiev, J., Nabiev, S., Khamdullaev, Sh., Usmanov, R., Chorshanbiev, N. (2019). Physiologicbiochemical and yield traits parameters of cotton varieties under different water irrigated regimes. Bull. Agrarian Sci. Uzbekistan, 78(42), 157-162.

Shavkiev, J., Azimov, A., Khamdullaev, S., Karimov, H., Abdurasulov, F., Nurmetov, K. (2023).Morphophysiological and yield contributing traits of cotton varieties with different tolerance to water deficit, Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, 7(4), 214-228.

Zare, M., Dehghani, B., Alizadeh, O., Azarpanah, A. (2013). The evaluation of various agronomic traits of mungbean (Vigna radiate L.) genotypes under drought stress and non-stress conditions. Int. J. Farming Allied Sci. 2, 764–770.

Zhong, K., Lin, W., Wang, Q., and Zhou, S. (2012). “Extraction and radicals scavenging activity of polysaccharides with microwave extraction from mung bean hulls,” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 51, 4, 612–617.

Weinberger, K. (2003). Impact analysis of Mungbean research in South and Southeast Asia. Final report of GTZ Project. The World Vegetable Center (AVRDC), Shanhua, Taiwa

Downloads

Published

2023-11-28

How to Cite

Azimov, A. ., Shavkiev, J. ., Saidjanov, S. ., Ziyaev, Z. ., & Valiyev, L. . (2023). Mung Bean (Vigna radiata L.) genotypes assessment for drought tolerance in Uzbekistan. Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, 8(1), 65–75. Retrieved from https://wildlife-biodiversity.com/index.php/jwb/article/view/472