Spatial-Systematic Analysis Approach for Conservation Purposes
Keywords:System Analysis, Conservation, Geographical Information system (GIS), Non- hunting area, Havashanaq, Ardabil province
Increasing human population growth leads to the increase in resource consumption and biodiversity degradation. The current threats to the biodiversity and widlife extinction emphasis on the protected areas role in the conservation plans. In this research we used systematic conservation planning map overlay method and analytical approach for zonation of Havashanq non-hunting area in GIS. For this purpose, 15 criteria were identified and entered in GIS and then were catagorized for modelling phase. The zonation mode was developed on McHarg and Makhdum models (the Iranian model to determine land capabilities). These models use all criteria and elements affecting the environmental planning and management process in an area. Additionally, in these models, they were
changed on the existing data. Owing to lack of socio-economic data, the area zoning had 7 zones, including strict nature reserve zone, protected area zone, intensive use zone, extensive use zone, recovery zone, special use zone, and multiple-use zones. The results showed that the strict zone 31 %, protected area 38.8%, intensive use zone 1.9%, extensive use zone 14%, recovery zone 8.3 %, special use zone 4.8 % and multiple-use zone 1.2 %, compose area extent.
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