Efficacy of different cereals on the development of Tribolium castaneum


  • Shahar Bano Memon Shah Abdul Latif University, Pakistan
  • Fakhra Soomro Associate Professor, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur Mir's
  • Waheed Ali Panhwar Associate Professor Department of Zoology University of Sindh Jamshoro Pakistan
  • Sajjad Ali Larik Assistant Professor, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur Mir's
  • Paras Soomro Assistant Professor, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur Mir's




Keywords: Tribolium castaneum, postharvest, cereals, infestation, sodium, nutritional contents.


The commercial availability of the cereals has been increasing due to the availability of low-gluten however; management of the cereals with its relation and susceptibility was poorly described. The efficacy of the development of Tribolium castaneum was analyzed on six different cereals i.e. wheat, rice, corn, cowpea, sorghum and barley flour. The cereals were collected from two different sources i.e. Flour mills (Source-I) and Grocery stores (Source-II) to assess the level of infestation. It was noticed that the total duration from egg to adult remains fastest on wheat flour, i.e. 41.8±0.80 days followed by sorghum flour 52.9±0.90 days and slowest on cowpea flour 65.5±1.00 days. The study of morphometric parameters of Tribolium castaneum as a result of feeding on different cereals showed statistically significant effects on the length, and breadth of different larval instars, pupa and Adult stages. The highest total larval length and breadth was recorded on wheat flour (42.80mm and 17.4mm) followed by Sorghum flour (41.40mm and 14.6mm) while the lowest total larval length and breadth was recorded on cowpea flour (28.0mm 8.1mm) followed by corn flour (30.70mm and 8.3mm). The results of this study indicated that higher rate of infestation on wheat and less on cowpea flour as compared to other cereals. Time for 50% to 90% of eggs to adult development was fastest on wheat i.e. (2.9±1.01 and 4.3±2.37) and slowest on cowpea flour i.e. (5.5 ±1.0 and 7.5±1.76). There was extensive variation in the efficacy of the different cereals with relation to the level of gluten increases the risk of insect infestation.


Author Biography

Fakhra Soomro, Associate Professor, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur Mir's

Associate Professor, Department of Zoology.


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How to Cite

Memon, S. B., Soomro, D. F. ., Panhwar, D. W. A., Larik, D. S. A., & Soomro, P. (2023). Efficacy of different cereals on the development of Tribolium castaneum. Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, 8(1), 308–326. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10206973