Investigation of Bio-Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Wild Rose
The present study was conducted to evaluate the vitamin C estimation, phytochemical screenings, antioxidant activity, and antimicrobial assay of the wild rose (Rosa brununii Lindl.). Rose hips of this wild plant were collected from five different locations in Murree hills (Bhurbhan, Lower Topa, Ghoragali, KotliSattiyan, and Danoi). The concentration of Vitamin C was found in the range of 2000-2500 mg/100g. The phytochemical screening showed the presence of total flavonoid compounds in the range of 2.44-5.76mg/100g and the total phenolic contents were found in the range of 0.18 1.60mg/100g. Results showed that the subject plant exhibited no significant antifungal activity. Rosa brununii were screened for insecticidal activity against T. castaneum, R. Dominica, and C. analysis. And no activity against any of the test insects indicating that this genus has no insecticidal potential. Lemna minor L plant was used to detect the phytotoxic activity and results showed that at the concentration of 1000 and 100 µg/ml, the oils showed moderate activity of 50 and 40% respectively. At the concentration of 10 µg/ml, the sample showed low activity of 25%. Brine shrimp (Artemia salina) lethality bioassay was used to check the cytotoxic effect of R. brununii Lindl. and results revealed that very low toxic effects of cytotoxicity
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