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Mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b diversity and phylogeny of the Eurasian coot (Fulica atra; Linnaeus, 1758) (Gruiformes: Rallidae)

Authors

  • Nafiseh Momeni Gorgan university of agricultural sciences and natural resources, Gorgan, Iran
  • HamidReza Rezaei Dep. Environmental Sci. Fac. Fisheries & Environmental Sci. Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
  • Mohsen Ahmadpour Research Center for the Caspian Region, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran
  • Paul Hapeman Department of Biology, Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, Connecticut, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6502775

Keywords:

Biodiversity, Fereidoonkenar International Wetland, Genetic Conservation, Miankaleh International Wetland

Abstract

The Eurasian coot (Fulica atra; Linnaeus, 1758) is a widely distributed waterbird consistsing of four subspecies and found throughout northern Eurasia to the western Sahara, Australia and New Zeeland that recently has experienced regional population declines. Population declines may impact genetic diversity and little information is available on genetic diversity in coots. We extracted genomic DNA from muscle tissues of coots collected from Fereidoonkenar International Wetland (FIW; n = 7) and Gorgan Bay (GB; n = 5) in Iran and sequenced 513-bp of mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b marker and published sequences from Genbank. Localities in Iran were characterized by two haplotypes and high haplotype and low nucleotide diversities. The Fst value (0.177) indicated a high level of genetic differentiation between FIW and GB. The phylogenetic analysis that included published sequences, supported groupings that likely correspond to migration flyways of coots. Moreover, specimens from Australia were not associated with coots from other localities in our sample. Our results showed that coots number of cyt b haplotypes was low for the overall sample but have retained substantial levels of genetic diversity in our study sites.

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Published

2022-03-05

How to Cite

Momeni, N. ., Rezaei , H. ., Ahmadpour, M. ., & Hapeman, P. . (2022). Mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b diversity and phylogeny of the Eurasian coot (Fulica atra; Linnaeus, 1758) (Gruiformes: Rallidae). Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity, 6(X). https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6502775

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Original Article